The International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP), an international body that watches over the health risks of radio broadcasts has stated that there is absolutely “no scientific evidence” that 5G networks could potentially cause cancer if they follow the recognized standards.
There has been a long debate on the danger 5G networks could pose due to the use of high-frequency millimeter waves. ICNIRP has come up with a certain set of updated guidelines to help put people at ease. These guidelines have been developed after a thorough review of all scientific literature, workshops and extensive public consultation process. They provide protection against all substantial adverse health effects due to exposure in the 100 kHz to 300 GHz range.
It is the first time since 1998 that the health protection guidelines for the mobile networks, Wi-Fi and Bluetooth have been updated. These guidelines do not apply to towers, but the 5G user equipment (UE) itself, imposing more conservative limits on the radiation from mobile phones when they connect to mmWave version of 5G. The guidelines restrict the exposure to the whole human body. It also adds a restriction of brief exposure to small parts of the body and reduction of maximum exposure permitted over a small region of the body.
5G frequencies currently used in UK are similar to those used in 2G, 3G and 4G (sub-6 GHz). The ICNIRP rules will mostly focus on frequencies above 6 GHz which is currently available in the US and arriving in Europe soon.
ICNIRP also added that there was no evidence of harm apart from some heating of human body tissue. The international body has also considered all other types of effects including the development of cancer, but found no such evidence to conclude the effect.