India is said to have aligned with Russia, China and Japan to avoid the use of 26 GHz band for 5G services. China and Russia have opposed the operation of 5G in 26 GHz due to their military operation in the same spectrum band. Whereas India’s ISRO (Indian Space Research Organisation) wants this band for satellite services.
While China, Russia and Japan are going to use alternative 5G bands with around 3000 MHz of frequency bandwidth, India is yet to decide alternative chunk of airwaves to support 5G communications.
India’s DoT (Department of Telecommunication) has accepted ISRO’s demand of using 26 GHz band, in which the 5G ecosystem is being developed. As per the information from GSA, 188 out of its 192 member countries are going to liberalize 26 GHz band for 5G services while China, Japan, India and Russia are having restrictive position on this.
Russia is going to liberalize 26 GHz band for 5G services, while China is only restricting on 3300-7120 MHz for the same. India’s telecom regulatory authority (TRAI) recommends the usage of 3300-3600 MHz band for 5G services in low bands. However, after the ISRO’s recommendation, DoT is only left with 175 MHz of bandwidth for mobile services in high bands (mmWave spectrum).